Stomach Digestive System
The state of your physical and emotional health is a direct result of how healthy your stomach digestive system is. Your digestive system is highly complex organ and its major component is the digestive tract. This is also known as your gastro-intestinal or GI tract.
The digestive tract is a long circular tube that is over 10 meters long. It begins in your mouth and ends at your anus. It comprises your salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon) and the rectum.
Attached to the digestive tract are a number of organs that are involved in the creation and secretion of digestive juices and enzymes. These organs include your liver, gall bladder, and pancreas.
Stomach Digestive System Function
The human digestive system has three main functions which are digestion, absorption and elimination.
The first stage of the digestion process begins in the mouth.
Many people think that our digestion begins in the stomach. Not all, it begins in the mouth. When you start to chew your food salivary glands in your mouth release saliva. Your saliva has the dual role of making your food easier to swallow as well as breaking it down.
Your saliva contains ptyalin, a digestive enzyme that helps breakdown carbohydrates before they enter the stomach. Once swallowed your food will pass down through the esophagus which is the long circular tube that connects the mouth to your stomach.
Chewing is very important. Unfortunately, many of us do not chew our food properly and this can lead to digestive disorders. As digestion begins in the mouth, it is very important to chew your food thoroughly, as this will help your digestion system absorb nutrients more effectively.
Roughly 2 liters of digestive juices are produced by your stomach each day. These juices contain hydrochloric acid and a digestive enzyme called pepsin begin to break down the protein and fats contained in the food and convert this into amino acids. Your digestive juices also play the role of killing bad bacteria contained within the food.
This digestion process will take approximately 4 to 5 hours and by this stage the digested content of the stomach is often referred to as chyme. The chyme will then move onto the small intestine.
When the chyme enters the small intestines the process of absorption begins. There are three parts to your small intestines and they are called the duodenum, jejunum and the ileum. The duodenum is at the top end of the small intestine and attached to stomachs exit. At this point digestive juices and bile flow into the duodenum, while other digestive juices are secreted from the intestinal walls.
The chyme moves to the jejunum which is the middle section of the small intestine and it is here the vast majority of nutrients are absorbed into the body. The ileum is the final part of the smaller intestine and this is where the last remaining nutrients are absorbed before entry to the large intestine.
Also known as the colon, your large intestine is primarily involved in the function of cleaning out and elimination. What ever is left over from the small intestine will be prepared in the colon for excretion from the body. This will comprise of insoluble fibers, undigested foods, fat, toxic bacteria and dead cells.
A key function of the large intestine is to absorb water in order to lubricate the waste material so it can be moved along. Within the walls of the colon there are muscles and they create muscular contractions to help the movement of waste matter towards the anus.
The last part of the colon is the rectum and when this area fills up it will trigger muscles that will excrete it from the body. When these muscles in the rectum trigger you will have that urge to go.
Tackling Stomach Digestive System Problems
The rate of digestive disorders in the past two decades has grown substantially. A recent study found that over 70% of visits to the doctor were related to problems with peoples digestion. Common disorders such as acid reflux and heartburn have reached epidemic proportions. It is no surprise that the highest selling drugs of all time are antacids that are designed to relieve heartburn.
So why is this happening?
There are a number of reasons and they are not just physical as they can be emotional too. For example, people who tend to hold in to a lot of emotional baggage have also a tendency become constipated – they can’t let go emotionally and physically.
The modern diet is a major cause of many of digestive disorders and diseases afflicting people today. Processed foods that have become the stable diet of many developed countries are so far removed from how nature intended, that it offers little to no nutritional benefits to the human body.
Foods that contain high levels of fat, refined flour and sugar put enormous pressure on our digestive system. For example, bad fat from deep fried foods are notoriously difficult for our stomach to break down and digest. This makes our gut environment more acidic, causing stomach ulcers and encouraging the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
The good news is your digestive tract is very good at regenerating itself. Feeding it the right diet will resolve the vast majority of digestive disorders. Even if you do not have any digestive disorders improving your diet will also enhance your digestions ability to absorb more nutrients and by doing so, increasing your energy and vitality.
A healthy digestion is achieved when you ample supplies of friendly intestinal flora. You have billions of these microscopic organisms living in your intestinal tract. They have a vital role in maintaining and protecting your digestive and immune system.
The only problem with good bacteria is they are prone to being killed off by the lifestyle many of us lead. Bad diet, smoking alcohol, antibiotics, pain killers and stress can destroy them. When this happens disease causing pathogenic bacteria can take over and the digestive system begins to breakdown.
One Of the Best Nutrients You Can Take For Digestive Health
One of the best nutrients you can take to rebalance your digestion are prebiotics. They can be found in many natural wholesome foods that include raw vegetables, fruits, nut and seeds. Prebiotics are soluble fibers,which means they are digested in your small intestine and colon.
However, they are not feeding you, they are feeding your intestinal flora. So, in a nut shell – prebiotics feed your probiotics – so that they can get on and do their job of keeping you fit and healthy.
Because prebiotics are so important for your overall health we only recommend one prebiotic supplement and that is MX Kiwi Biotic. This product is completely natural as it only contains the ingredients from fully ripened New Zealand Kiwifruit.
This little fruit happens to be one of most nutritious ‘superfoods’ in the world. It has high levels of vitamins, minerals, prebiotics, dietary fiber, and digestive enzymes. MaxaLife – the makers of MX Kiwi Biotic – have managed to capture all the kiwifruits natural goodness into one easy to swallow capsule.
But don’t take my word for it, simply – click here – and find out for yourself, the many health benefits it can offer you.